5th Grade Science


  ‚Äč5th Grade Science Rocks!!!
Welcome to the 2019-2020 School Year!!!

  Welcome to the 5th Grade Science Webpage!!!  We are very excited to begin the  school year with a fine group of students!!! This page will keep you informed of what we are doing in class and any upcoming events/assignments that we may have in 5th grade science.

  If you have any questions or concerns, please feel free to call the school to set up a conference or email us. We are looking forward to a SUPER exciting school year with your kiddos!!!  

***If you haven't signed up for REMIND - please ask your child for the sheet to add our class!!


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2nd 6 Week Science:


1st: Solutions and Mixtures





2nd: MELTS


Mechanical Energy


Electrical Energy


Light Energy


Thermal Energy


Sound Energy



3rd: Finish MELTS and Start Electrical Circuits (Vocabulary Test)



4th: Continue Electrical Circuits



5th: Sound,Light, Electrical  Energy Lab & Review (reflect and refract)

Matter Project (test grade) Image result for matter project clipart 6th: Study Week and 6 week test Image result for science test clipart




 

 

Nature of Science Words & Tools –

*** - Science Tools – triple beam balance, double pan balance, pipette, magnifying glass, thermometer, forceps, gloves, tuning fork, spring scale, calculator, concave lens, convex lens, power source, tape measure, measuring cups & spoons, collecting net, camera, magnet , mirror, test tube, probe, stopwatch, microscope, beaker, goggles, safety apron, flask, meter stick, centimeter ruler, graduated cylinder, hot plate, funnel, compass, and safety glasses.

***Conservation, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. Dispose


 Scientific Method:                         

 

Scientific Method- The steps or procedures to conduct a scientific investigation.

Informed- having or prepared with information or knowledge: educated

Experimental Investigation- Trials where the independent variable is used. Observation- The scientist observes using only their five senses

Research- To gain knowledge about a topic of interest

Hypothesis- a testable question, guess or prediction of what will happen during a scientific investigation

Analyze- The scientist will study and look for patterns, chart and break down data collected.

Variable- what changes in an experiment

Independent Variable- The variable the scientist changes to measure a predicted outcome

Dependent Variable- what the scientist measures as a result of the changed variable; the measured outcome of the change (independent variable)

Constant- Variables that are purposely kept the same in the experimental/control groups

Control/Control Group- Trials under natural settings that does not use the independent variable; used to compare results and draw conclusions.

Valid Conclusion- To state verbally or in writing what you have learned.


Classifying Matter:

***Matter – Anything that has mass and takes up space.

 

 ***Mass – The amount of matter in something measured in grams.

 ***Physical State – The classification of matter as a solid, liquid, or gas.

 ***Physical Properties – Measurable characteristic that describe the physical state of                                            something, including mass, magnetism, temperature, density,                                          shape, volume, and conductivity.

 ***Conductor – Material that allows heat or electrical energy to easily flow through it.

 ***Insulator – Material through which heat or electricity does not easily flow.

 ***Thermal Energy – Energy that can be measured by a thermometer.

 ***Volume – How much space something take up.

 ***Solubility – Measurement of the ability of a solid to dissolve in a liquid.

 ***Relative Density – How dense something is compared with a reference material.

 ***Magnetism - The property of attraction to a magnet – attracted to iron, cobalt, and                                or nickel

                        Properties of Water Vocabulary

***Boiling Point--Temperature at which water changes physical state from a liquid to a                               gas. The boiling point of water is 1000C. 

***Freezing Point--Temperature at which water changes physical state from a liquid to                                 a solid. The freezing point of water is 00C. 

***Melting Point--Temperature at which water changes physical state from a solid to a                                 liquid. The melting point of water is 00C. 

***Freezing-- The process by which matter changes physical state from a liquid to a                               solid when heat is removed.

***Melting-- The process by which matter changes physical state from a solid to a liquid                       when heat is applied.

***Evaporation-- The process by which matter changes physical state from a liquid to a                              gas when heat is applied.

***Condensation-- The process by which matter changes physical state from a gas to a                                 liquid when heat is removed.

Mixtures and Solutions:

***Mixture – A combination of two or more substances where each keeps its own                                 properties and both can be easily separated.

***Solution –A particular type of mixture where a substance dissolves in another; the                               molecules spread evenly through the other substance, such as salt added to                         water. The only way to separate a solution is through evaporation. 

***Solvent-- The part of a solution that dissolves the solute. (Water in a solution of Koolaid)

***Solute-- The part of a solution that is dissolved by the solvent, the soluble part of a                            solution (sugar and Koolaid powder in a solution of Koolaid) 

***Substance – A single part of a mixture or solution.

***Physical Change – Make different without changing what the material is made of,                                            such as cutting, folding, or melting.

***Dissolve – Spread out uniformly in a liquid.

***Physical Property – Measurable characteristics that describe the physical state of                                                something, including mass, magnetism, temperature, density,                                              shape, volume, and conductivity.

                                                Force Vocabulary:
*** Work-- Using a force to move an object a distance.

***Force-- A push or a pull that causes an object to move, stop or change direction.

  *Balanced Force--Equal amount of force acting on an object from opposite sides. The                                  object will not move, no work is being done on the object.

  *Unbalanced Force--Unequal amounts of force acting on a object from opposite sides.                                     The object will move in the direction of the greater force, work is                                     being done on the object.

  *Newton--A Measurement of force (N)

***Push-- A force that moves an object away from the source.

***Pull-- A force that moves an object towards the source.

***Movement--A change in position or location.

***Position--Where an object is located in a space. 

***Direction-- A line or course along which something is moving.

***Gravity-- The force that causes objects with mass attract one another. Objects with                         higher mass have higher gravitational force. 

***Magnetism--Either a attractive (pulling) or repulsive (pushing) force between a                                   magnet and another object with the property of magnetism.

***Friction-- A force that resists the motion of two surfaces sliding across one another. 


                              Forms of Energy Vocabulary
***Energy – The ability to do work OR what is needed to cause change. 

   *Work--Using a force to move an object a distance.

   *Medium--A type of matter that energy can travel through (Light changes direction                           when it changes mediums from light to water).
 
***Mechanical Energy – Energy produced by a machine or moving part. 

***Electrical Energy – Energy resulting from the flow of charged particles. 

   *Electric Circuit-- A closed conducting loop or circle through which an electric current                                  can flow.

   *Electric Current--The flow of electricity through a conductor.

 ***Light Energy – Electromagnetic energy that travels in a straight line and can be                                      sensed by the eye. 

     * Reflection-- Light bounces off of smooth shiny surfaces at the same angle resulting in an image appearing on the surface. 

      * Refraction-- Light rays bend when changing mediums resulting in a distorted image. (Example: A pencil placed in a glass of water appears to be broken when viewed through the glass).

***Thermal Energy (Heat) – Energy related to the temperature of a substance that can                                                be measured by a thermometer. 
 
***Sound Energy – Mechanical Energy produced by vibrations that travels as waves                                       through the air or water and vibrates the ear drum upon contact. 

                                     Natural Resources Vocabulary

***Fossil Fuels – A natural, non-renewable fuel such as coal, oil or natural gas, formed over millions of years from the remains of living organisms.

 

***Oil – A flammable liquid produced from the remains of marine organisms buried under layers of sediments for millions of years.

 

***Natural Gas – A flammable material, without a definite form, produced from the remains of marine organisms buried under layers of sediment found near oil deposits.

 

***Coal – A solid fossil fuel that is formed from the concentrated remains of plants over long periods of time.

 

***Pressure – Force of objects pushing on other objects.

 

***Sedimentary Rock – Layers  of rock formed when sediment is deposited and then compacted and cemented over time.

***Organic Matter – The waste and remains of plants and animals.

***Formation of Fossil Fuels

 

***Fossil Fuels – A natural, non-renewable fuel such as coal, oil or natural gas, formed over millions of years from the remains of living organisms.

 

***Oil – A flammable liquid produced from the remains of marine organisms buried under layers of sediments for millions of years.

 

***Natural Gas – A flammable material, without a definite form, produced from the remains of marine organisms buried under layers of sediment found near oil deposits.

 

***Coal – A solid fossil fuel that is formed from the concentrated remains of plants over long periods of time.

 

***Pressure – Force of objects pushing on other objects.

 

***Sedimentary Rock – Layers of rock formed when sediment is deposited and then compacted and cemented over time.

***Organic Matter – The waste and remains of plants and animals.

 

***Changes To Land

 

***Landform – Feature on the surface of Earth such as a mountain, hill, dune, ocean or river.

 

***Delta – A triangular landform where a river empties into another body of water,

 

***Canyon – A deep gorge in the surface of Earth formed by the erosion of moving water and sand.

 

***Sand Dune – Hills formed by wind blowing and depositing sand.

 

***Weathering – The breakdown of rocks into smaller particles from the effects of wind, water, and ice.

 

***Deposition – The build-up of land by the settlement of sediment and soil in a new location.

 

***Erosion – The gradual wearing down of something by wind, water, and other natural forces.

 

***Alternative Energy Vocabulary Words –

 

  1.  Alternative Energy Resource – Energy produced by means other than the burning of fossil fuels.
  2.  Wind Energy – Energy that comes from changing the power of moving air into a useful form.
  3. Solar Energy – Energy that comes directly from the sun.
  4. Biofuel – Carbon-based fuel made from recently produced biomass…made from a living organism like corn (plants) or manure.
  5. Geothermal – Energy that comes from the natural heat inside the Earth.
  6. Hydroelectricity – A renewable source of energy based on the natural movement of water.
  7. Renewable Resource – Materials from Earth that can be replaced by nature within a relatively short period of time, such as trees.
  8. Nonrenewable Resource – Materials from Earth that cannot be replaced within a reasonable amount of time, such as oil, coal, and natural gas.
  9. Pollution – Materials introduced into an environment that cause damage, discomfort, or instability.

***Earth, Moon and Sun Vocabulary

  1.  Moon – A natural satellite that orbits a planet; some planets have no moons; others have over 60 moons.
  2. Craters – Bowl –shaped indents or cavities on the surface of a planet, moon, or asteroid that are caused by collision with another object, such as a meteorite.
  3. Weight – The heaviness of an object; force of gravity on mass = weight.
  4. Sun – The star at the center of our solar system that supplies heat and light to Earth; its enormous gravity keeps the solar system in orbit.
  5. Earth – The planet that all known life exists on.

***Earth’s Rotation Vocabulary

  1.  Orbit  - The path one object takes as it revolves around another object.
  2. Axis – An imaginary line that a sphere rotates around.
  3. Rotation -  Making a complete spin on an axis.
  4. Revolution – Making a complete turn or orbit around an axis or center.

 

***Weather & Climate

  1.  Weather – Describes the condition of the air outdoors, such as temperature, cloud cover, wind speed, and rainfall.
  2. Climate - The set of weather conditions that prevail in a region year after year.
  3. Precipitation – Rain, sleet, snow or hail that falls from the clouds in the sky.
  4. Temperature – How hot or cold something is…
  5. Data – Pieces of information.
  6. Humidity – The amount of water vapor in the air.
  7. Typical – Common

 

Interdependency Vocabulary Words

  1. Ecosystem – All of the living and non-living things and all of their interactions in an area.
  2. Living – Characterized by having a metabolism and the ability to maintain life processes.
  3. Nonliving – A part of the ecosystem that is not living, such as light, air (includes oxygen and carbon dioxide), water, rocks and soil.
  4. Organism – A single, self-contained living thing.
  5. Adaptation – An inherited characteristic that provides a specific advantage to individuals that have it and becomes more common or pronounced in a population because of the advantage that it provides.
  6. Producer – An organism that uses sunlight to make its own food for energy.
  7. Consumer – An organism that gets energy by eating other organisms.
  8. Carnivore -An animal that gets energy by only eating other animals.
  9. Herbivore – An animal that gets energy by eating only plants.
  10. Omnivore – An animal that gets energy by eating both plants and animals.
  11. Symbiotic – A long term relationship between two different kinds of organisms where one or both receive benefit.
  12. Decomposer – An organism that consumes dead nonliving biomass without need for internal digestion.

Food Chain Vocabulary Words

  1. Food Chain – A path of energy transfer from one organism to another.
  2. Food Web – An interconnected set of food chains.
  3. Predator – An organism that hunts and feeds on another organism.
  4. Prey – AN animal that is hunted as food.

Food Webs:

  1. Food Chain – path of energy transfer from one organism to another.
  2. Food Web – interconnecting food chains.
  3. Prey – Animal hunted for food.
  4. Predator – Animal that hunts other animals for food.

 

 

Carbon-Dioxide – Oxygen Cycle Words

  1. Carbon Dioxide – Oxygen Cycle – The movement of Carbon Dioxide and oxygen on Earth by the processes of respiration and photosynthesis.
  2. Oxygen – A waste product produced by plants during photosynthesis that animals use for respiration.
  3. Carbon Dioxide – A gas produced by cells during respiration; used in photosynthesis to produce sugars.
  4. Respiration – A process by which animals use oxygen and food to make energy and carbon dioxide.
  5. Photosynthesis – The process where plants use sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to produce sugar and release oxygen.

 

Adaptations:

  1. Species – A group of organisms that are similar to one another and can combine to produce offspring.
  2. Reproduction – The act of making copies or similar versions of something.
  3. Adaptation – An inherited characteristic that provides a specific advantage to individuals that have it and becomes more common or pronounced in a population because of the advantage that it provides.
  4. Niche – The role an organism plays in its ecosystem.
  5. Camouflage – Characteristics that help something to blend with the surrounding environment, making it harder to detect.
  6. Mimicry – When an organism copies a characteristic of another organism to increase its chances for survival or reproduction.
  7. Migration – The seasonal movement of animals from one place to another.
  8. Hibernation – A process by which an organism slows its life functions for an extended period of time to preserve energy or resist harsh conditions.
  9. Predator – An organism that hunts and feeds on another organism.
  10. Prey – An animal that is hunted as food.

Habitat – The place or environment in which an organism naturally lives

Adaptations:

  1.  Species – A group of organisms that are similar to one another and can combine to produce offspring.
  2. Reproduction – The act of making copies or similar versions of something.

 

  1. Adaptation – An inherited characteristic that provides a specific advantage to individuals that have it and becomes more common or pronounced in a population because of the advantage that it provides.
  2. Niche – The role an organism plays in its ecosystem.
  3. Camouflage – Characteristics that help something to blend with the surrounding environment, making it harder to detect.
  4. Mimicry – When an organism copies a characteristic of another organism to increase its chances for survival or reproduction.
  5. Migration – The seasonal movement of animals from one place to another.
  6. Hibernation – A process by which an organism slows its life functions for an extended period of time to preserve energy or resist harsh conditions.
  7. Predator – An organism that hunts and feeds on another organism.
  8. Prey – An animal that is hunted as food.
  1. Habitat – The place or environment in which an organism naturally lives.

 

 

Inherited Traits/Learned Behaviors

  1. Inherited Physical Trait – A physical Characteristic that an organism is born with that is passed to the organism from its parents.
  2. Learned Behavior – Animal behavior that develops from observation or instruction.
  3. Acquired Physical Trait – A trait that is one is not born with but that is gained due to the lifestyle or environment.
  4. Inherited Behavior – A behavior that an organism is born with that is passed to the organism from its parents.

Metamophosis

  1. Egg – The first stage in a life cycle.
  2. Larva – Stage of complete metamorphosis during which the insect eats and grows and does not resemble the adult.
  3. Pupa – Stage of complete metamorphosis during which the organism seems to be at rest and new body parts are forming (the changing stage).
  4. Adult – A fully grown organism.
  5. Nymph – Stage of incomplete metamorphosis during which an insect eats and grows and resembles a smaller version of the adult.
  6. Life Cycle – The stages or sequence of events through which an organism grows, reproduces, and dies.
  7. Complete Metamorphosis – Type of development consisting of four distinct stages: egg, larva, pupa and adult.
  8. Incomplete Metamorphosis – Type of development consisting of three stages: egg, nymph, and adult.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


                         

 

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Contact Information:


Cindy Kopecky: ckopecky@carthageisd.org
Crystal Cantrelle: ccantrelle@carthageisd.org
Peggy Kocurek: pkocurek@carthageisd.org
Krista Dickerson: kdickerson@carthageisd.org
Jacinda Gwinn: jgwinn@carthageisd.org




 



 




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